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Migraine Triggers

Many migraineurs will note certain smells, foods, environmental stimuli, and changes in daily habits will trigger, or at least worsen a migraine. Avoidance of these triggers is one step to reducing migraines and their associated symptoms, such as nausea. The following is a list of common triggers:

  • Aged cheeses
  • Artificial sweeteners ( Ie aspartame)
  • Alcohol
  • Bananas
  • Caffeine (acutely this typically helps a migraine, but daily/excessive intake can worsen headache)
  • Chocolate
  • Citrus fruits
  • Cured meats
  • Dehydration
  • Lights ( particularly with glare, flickering, fluorescent)
  • Menses
  • MSG ( common food additive that may be listed as “monosodium glutamate” or “natural flavor”)
  • Nitrites or nitrates
  • Noise
  • Odors
  • Onions
  • Over or under sleeping
  • Over or under eating
  • Over or under exercising
  • Stress
  • Travel
  • Weather changes, particularly with the barometric pressure changes
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